Electrical engineering first got recognition during the late nineteenth century, when electrical power supply and electrical telegraphs became commercial. Today, an electrical engineer specialises in the general application of electronics and electricity. Such specialists deal with problems associated with electronic systems.
Over the years, more and more university courses have been cropping up, to meet the demand for learning, in this highly skilled profession.
What Areas of Study are Available?
In general, a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering is a stepping stone for a professional career in the industry. The course content differs from university to university, though generally topics covered in the program are as follows: introduction to electronics, physics of electronic engineering, circuits, digital system, nanophotonics and nanostructures, probabilistic systems analysis, programming paradigms, control design techniques, computer graphics, linear dynamical systems, wireless networks and communication and nonlinear optics.
Electrical engineering is further divided into several other specialised areas including: power engineering, control engineering signal processing, micro-electronics, telecommunication engineering and electronic engineering.
On the job Training
In order to fully benefit from a university course, there is often a period of practical training included with further education in electronic engineering. This is called a period of apprenticeship. After which, engineers are able to test for a license and become registered members of a professional body.
Every professional body governs its own code of ethics and expects their members to abide by these codes. These codes of ethics result in a good reputation among other interested candidates, and the general public as a whole. Furthermore, even if no such code exists an engineer is bound by other established laws. For example, the law of contract, the law of tort, even various building codes and laws relating to environment.
Two major professional bodies are the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET).
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers has approximately 360,000 members worldwide and they are responsible for producing 30 percent of the world's literature in electrical engineering. The Institution of Engineering and Technology on the other hand, has over 150,000 members worldwide and they publish 21 journals. IET is the largest professional society of engineers in Europe.
Keeping up to Date
As with all professional skills, electronic engineers must polish up their technical skills at regular intervals to make sure their knowledge does not become obsolete.
Many organisations offer short courses on electrical engineer training for this very reason. Keeping your skills, knowledge and professional qualifications up to date is extremely important in a safety- critical profession. If you need to get up to date, or just take a refresher course, check out Wyre Associates. They have a range of electrical engineering courses to suit your needs.